philosophy of science

What did Gregor Mendel Discover?On a Typical Pattern of Experimental Discovery

Author Info
Chen, Ruey-Lin
National Chung Cheng University Philosophy Department

Gregor Mendel, the famous nineteenth-century Austrian botanist, has been considered the discoverer of laws of classical (Mendelian) genetics. Several historians of biology recently began to argue that Mendel had never discovered Mendel’s laws. If he did not discover Mendel’s laws at all, what is his discovery? What is his contribution to science? To answer the above questions, one has to re-examine the whole story of his experimentation and the origin of classical genetics. The philosophical problems involved in scientific discoveries have also to be reconsidered.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 9

The Evolution of Astronomical Thought before Kepler: Copernicus and Tycho Brahe

Author Info
Dong-Yuan Tai
The Center of Humanities Education, Providence University

This paper traces the evolutionary path of western astronomical thoughts from Copernicus to Kepler by utilizing the notion of theory version. Like the paradigm theory and research programme methodology, the theory of theory version is also a philosophical one, but it has a view of its own. Unlike other philosophical theories emphasizing why and how a grand scientific theory (a paradigm or a research programme) was accepted or rejected, theory version focuses on each individual scientist's own knowledge-claims and shows how these claims come to be accepted or rejected by successors.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 5 (October 2007), 111-182.
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