Feature Article

醫學、商業與社會想像:日治臺灣的漢藥科學化與科學中藥

Author Info
Shiyung Michael Liu
Associate Research Fellow, Institute of Taiwan History & RCHSS, Academia Sinica

The study ofpharmacognosy started in the late 19th century Japan and boomed in the 1920s while the Renaissance Movement of Chinese medicine (Ko-kan Ido) was ignited. The complicated relationship between therapeutic theory and herbal drugs of Chinese medicine dated centuries while they co-existed in Japan but conflicted in colonial Taiwan. In Japan, traditional herb could be analyzed in laboratory coating with the color of “science” for marketing.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 11 (October 2010), 149-200

From Chinese Herbs to Functional Food: a Study of the Category Revolution of Food and Drug by a Biography of Four-agent Soup

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Chin-Chih An
Doctoral student, Department of Sociology, National Taiwan University

This article discusses the biography of four agent soup(Si Wu Tang) transferring into four agent functional foods from the perspectives of Marx and Appadurai. This paper emphasizes the importance of "the historicity of objects" in the transformation of four agent soup. The analysis assumes that objects are the synthesis of social relations in history and emphasizes the distinction between the representative form and the substance of an object.

Citation: 
《科技、醫療與社會》,第11期,2010年10月出版

The Enigma Concerning Dr. Tsungming Tu’s Research in Traditional East Asian Medicine: On the Creation of Value in Integrative Medicine

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Sean Hsiang-lin Lei
Associate Research Fellow, Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica TAIWAN and Institute of Science, Technology and Society, Yangming University

This article intends to solve a pair of salient enigmas in the history of medicine in modern Taiwan: Why did Dr. Tsungming Tu, a widely acclaimed representative of medical modernity in Taiwan, provide consistent support to research in traditional East Asian medicine?  Reversely, why has Dr. Tu’s research vision long been criticized as backward-looking and even anti-science?  This article argues that Dr.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 11 (October 2010 ), 201 -286

The Demarcation and Context of Illness Interpretation in Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine in the Early Period of Republic of China: Taking Typhoid Fever as an Example

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Pi Guo-Li
Ph. D. Candidate, Department of History, National Taiwan Normal University

The exchange of traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine in modern times has produced many interesting issues in the history of medicine. This study examined the demarcation and context of illness interpretation in Chinese Medicine and Western medicine by reviewing the translation process of the name and meaning of an illness before and after it was translated.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 11 (October 2010), 25-88

What did Gregor Mendel Discover?On a Typical Pattern of Experimental Discovery

Author Info
Chen, Ruey-Lin
National Chung Cheng University Philosophy Department

Gregor Mendel, the famous nineteenth-century Austrian botanist, has been considered the discoverer of laws of classical (Mendelian) genetics. Several historians of biology recently began to argue that Mendel had never discovered Mendel’s laws. If he did not discover Mendel’s laws at all, what is his discovery? What is his contribution to science? To answer the above questions, one has to re-examine the whole story of his experimentation and the origin of classical genetics. The philosophical problems involved in scientific discoveries have also to be reconsidered.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 9

Maneuvering between Theory and Fact: A Case Study of Economic Modeling

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陳思廷
國立清華大學哲學研究所

The discrepancy between what is asserted in economic theory and what really occurs in the economic world embarrasses economic theorists and prompts debates on economic theorizing between economic theorists and methodologists.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 9

Demonstration, Persuasion and Rumor: Medical Missions to Nineteenth-Century China

Author Info
李尚仁
中央研究院歷史語言研究所副研究員

This paper examines the controversies aroused by western medical missionaries in China. The missionaries utilized surgical proceedings with dramatic effects to facilitate the conversion of the Chinese. However, the emphasis on the miraculous aspects of western surgery had its danger. Many Chinese identified the missionary medics as witch doctors. The Chinese anti-missionary propaganda repeatedly claimed that the missionaries gouged out the eyes of the Chinese for their practice of alchemy, and took away the organs of the natives to produced magic pills and opium.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 8

Assaying Opium: Local Taste, Technoscientific Practice and the Opium Monopoly in Early Colonial Taiwan

Author Info
許宏彬
成大醫學院博士後研究

This article is a historical account of the production of opium and its monopoly in early colonial Taiwan. It analyses how the Japanese colonial government successfully turned the “opium problem” in Taiwan into a well-controlled substance on the island and details the mechanisms that led it to be a profitable monopoly business. Taking a material-oriented and STS approach, this research focuses on the practical details of the production of opium pastes.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 8

The BCG Vaccination Program in Taiwan during the 1950s and 1960s

Author Info
張 淑 卿
長庚大學醫學系人文及社會醫學科助理教授

This paper examines the use of BCG vaccination in Taiwan during the 1950s and 1960s. It is taken as an example to explain how tuberculosis prevention in Taiwan was connected to the international standard. The vaccination project was based on the WHO standard and performed as a small scale trial in certain regions of Taiwan. An appropriate method for the Taiwan was decided upon before advocating the vaccination for the whole population. This paper attempts to discuss global vaccination through the following aspects: 1.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 8

The Discourse of Function and Temporality of Treatment in Modern Psychiatry: An Analysis of a Chronic Ward

Author Info
Chien-Chung Kung
國立成功大學人文社會科學研究中心博士後研究

Abstract

This study aims to explore the criterion of observation in modern psychiatric practice and its basis. The research methods include field observation and qualitative interviews. The data are analysed mainly through a phenomenological approach.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 8
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