General Article

Reconsider Mendel’s Principle of Heredity Based on the Logic of Experiment Design

Author Info
Bei-Chang Yang
Department of Microbiology & Immunology; Research Center for Society, Technology and Medicine of College of Medicine of National Cheng Kung University

Gregor Mendel used garden pea as experiment model to study the development of plant hybrids. His findings lead to three major conclusions that are coined as the fundamental laws of heredity: the law of dominance, the law of segregation, and the law of independent assortment. However, the significance of his findings has been neglected for 35 years. To explain this puzzle in science history, many efforts have been made by epistemological approaches including the evidence-based historiography and the Kuhnian paradigm-based historiography.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 10 (April 2010)

Local Knowledge in the Context of Expert System of Knowledge: Chia-yi Charity Organization's Bridge-Building Practice

Author Info
Hung-Jen Yang
Institute of Science, Technology and Society, National Yang-Ming University

For the past forty years, Chia-yi Charity Organization has been constructing bridges in the mountainous area of Southern Taiwan. Except for the late director, Ming-te Ho, who received civil engineer training during the period of Japanese colonization, members of the charity are not formally trained in bridge building. During the building practices some of the members acquire more knowledge and techniques and become semi-craftsman volunteers and semi-volunteer craftsmen.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 10 (April 2010)

From Hands of Flesh to Laparoscopy: A History of Endometriosis in Taiwan, 1950s-2000s

Author Info
Ling-Ya Tsai; Hsiu-Yun Wang
Kao Yuan Senior High School of Technology and Commerce; Graduate Institute of Gender Studies, Kaohsiung Medical University

This paper traces the history of endometriosis in Taiwan from the 1950s to the present by analyzing oral history interviews with ob/gyns and women with endometriosis as well as written documents (newspapers, magazines, and books). Endometriosis first emerged in Taiwan in the 1950s, but few cases were reported. Diagnosis relied mainly on gynecological examination by hand or via exploratory surgery.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 10 (April 2010)

Why Tampons are not Welcome in Taiwan: A Social-worlds Analysis

Author Info
Pei-hsin Hsu; Ling-fang Cheng (corresponding Author)
Lecturer, Tung fang Institute of Technology; Associate Professor, Graduate Institute of Gender Studies, Kaohsiung Medical University

This study explores how the tampon as an imported menstrual technology interacted with the indigenous society and culture as well as the body experience of the women users since 1970 up till now. We adopted the analytical framework of ‘social worlds’ as in the context of symbolic interactionism to illuminate the contestation and negotiation of various kinds of forces and actors which are friendlier than that of the tampons.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 10 (April 2010)

Sustainable Development and Life Rights of Animals: The Transformation of Taiwan's Fishery from an Environmental-Ethical Perspec

Author Info
Tsuo-Ming Hsu
淡江大學通識與核心課程中心

The transformation of Taiwan’s fishery has been guided by the idea of “sustainable development”—a concept originated from Aldo Leopold’s theory of ecological equilibrium. In this paper, I discuss the concepts of sustainable development and ecological equilibrium and examine both the theoretical and practical problems of the two concepts and their application in Taiwan’s fishery industry. Furthermore, the study argues for the idea of life rights of animals developed in Peter Singer’s Animal Liberation.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 9

Small and large wind turbine: The duality of wind power technology

Author Info
Hao-Jan Wu
Dahu Junior High School

Renewable energy has been promoted for its inexhaustibility and environmental friendliness. It can also deliver us from the bondage of high-tech equipments. Amongst different forms of renewable energy, wind power is one of the rising stars. As it has the potential to fulfill the three promises listed above, energy officials and environmentalists have been calling for its wide application.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 7

Between Voyeurism, Seduction, and Confrontation: Mary Ellen Mark's Ward 81

Author Info
Jui-Ch'i Liu
Center for General Education and the Graduate Institute of Sociology, National Tsing Hua University

Mary Ellen Mark (1940- ) is one of the most influential, contemporary photojournalists in the United States. In 1979, she published Ward 81, a study of severely ill women at Oregon State Mental Hospital. This article, based on visual analyses as well as some crucial literature, compares Mark's works with related works in the tradition of maledominated psychiatric photography. In so doing, I decode how Mark negotiates her female gaze on women's madness.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 4 (April 2007), 109-149

On the Ontology of Actor-Network Theory

Author Info
Wen-Yuan Lin
Center for General Education and the Graduate Institute of Sociology, National Tsing Hua University

Exploring the social characteristics of scientific knowledge and rationality has been an intrinsic problematic of science and technology studies (STS). After examining sociological studies of scientific communities and social studies of scientific knowledge, STS enquiries now have turned to the role of knowledge and knowing in the constitution of the known object. Among them, Actor-Network Theory (ANT) is an important approach. This paper first delineates this ontological turn of ANT: ontology-in-practice.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 4 (April 2007), 65-108

Bio-Capitalism: A Marxist Critique

Author Info
Chia-Huang Wang
Department of Sociology, Yuan-Ze University

This paper provides a critical review of contemporary bio-capitalism by means of a pure Marxian view and C. W. Mills's sociological imagination. First, the relationships between fetishism of commodity and commodification of life are discussed. Second, I critically describe the mechanism, structure, and process of bio-colonialism and bioenclosure, both of which involve patent practice. There is no complete solution to the domination and exploitation of bio-capitalism.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 4 (April 2007), 17-64.

Public Trust and Risk Perceptions: A Preliminary Study of Taiwan's GMOs, 2003-2004

Author Info
Chou Kuei Tien
Graduate Institute of National Development, National Taiwan University.

This paper mainly discusses public perceptions and attitudes towards genetically modified organism (GMO) disputes by comparing the results of two annual national telephone surveys. The themes of the surveys include risk perception, risk assessment, risk communication, public participation, and public trust, and they examined the public's attitudes towards general GMO knowledge, GMO policy, and GMO risk, as well as the government's ability to engage in GMO risk governance.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 4 (April 2007), 151-178
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