「模型與科學實作」專輯

Sustainable Development and Life Rights of Animals: The Transformation of Taiwan's Fishery from an Environmental-Ethical Perspec

Author Info
Tsuo-Ming Hsu
淡江大學通識與核心課程中心

The transformation of Taiwan’s fishery has been guided by the idea of “sustainable development”—a concept originated from Aldo Leopold’s theory of ecological equilibrium. In this paper, I discuss the concepts of sustainable development and ecological equilibrium and examine both the theoretical and practical problems of the two concepts and their application in Taiwan’s fishery industry. Furthermore, the study argues for the idea of life rights of animals developed in Peter Singer’s Animal Liberation.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 9

What did Gregor Mendel Discover?On a Typical Pattern of Experimental Discovery

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Chen, Ruey-Lin
National Chung Cheng University Philosophy Department

Gregor Mendel, the famous nineteenth-century Austrian botanist, has been considered the discoverer of laws of classical (Mendelian) genetics. Several historians of biology recently began to argue that Mendel had never discovered Mendel’s laws. If he did not discover Mendel’s laws at all, what is his discovery? What is his contribution to science? To answer the above questions, one has to re-examine the whole story of his experimentation and the origin of classical genetics. The philosophical problems involved in scientific discoveries have also to be reconsidered.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 9

Towards and Beyond Lakatos: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Economics

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Hsiang-Ke Chao
國立清華大學經濟系

This paper on the philosophy of economics contains two parts. The first part reviews the history of the philosophy of economics, and its connection with the philosophy of science. The second part suggests some salient research topics that are currently under debate in this field. The philosophy of models is specially introduced in order to understand their heuristic powers and the role that models play in economics and philosophy of economics, respectively.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 9

Maneuvering between Theory and Fact: A Case Study of Economic Modeling

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陳思廷
國立清華大學哲學研究所

The discrepancy between what is asserted in economic theory and what really occurs in the economic world embarrasses economic theorists and prompts debates on economic theorizing between economic theorists and methodologists.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 9
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