history of biology

What did Gregor Mendel Discover?On a Typical Pattern of Experimental Discovery

Author Info
Chen, Ruey-Lin
National Chung Cheng University Philosophy Department

Gregor Mendel, the famous nineteenth-century Austrian botanist, has been considered the discoverer of laws of classical (Mendelian) genetics. Several historians of biology recently began to argue that Mendel had never discovered Mendel’s laws. If he did not discover Mendel’s laws at all, what is his discovery? What is his contribution to science? To answer the above questions, one has to re-examine the whole story of his experimentation and the origin of classical genetics. The philosophical problems involved in scientific discoveries have also to be reconsidered.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 9
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