Research Articles

Maneuvering between Theory and Fact: A Case Study of Economic Modeling

Author Info
陳思廷
國立清華大學哲學研究所

The discrepancy between what is asserted in economic theory and what really occurs in the economic world embarrasses economic theorists and prompts debates on economic theorizing between economic theorists and methodologists.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 9

Demonstration, Persuasion and Rumor: Medical Missions to Nineteenth-Century China

Author Info
李尚仁
中央研究院歷史語言研究所副研究員

This paper examines the controversies aroused by western medical missionaries in China. The missionaries utilized surgical proceedings with dramatic effects to facilitate the conversion of the Chinese. However, the emphasis on the miraculous aspects of western surgery had its danger. Many Chinese identified the missionary medics as witch doctors. The Chinese anti-missionary propaganda repeatedly claimed that the missionaries gouged out the eyes of the Chinese for their practice of alchemy, and took away the organs of the natives to produced magic pills and opium.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 8

Assaying Opium: Local Taste, Technoscientific Practice and the Opium Monopoly in Early Colonial Taiwan

Author Info
許宏彬
成大醫學院博士後研究

This article is a historical account of the production of opium and its monopoly in early colonial Taiwan. It analyses how the Japanese colonial government successfully turned the “opium problem” in Taiwan into a well-controlled substance on the island and details the mechanisms that led it to be a profitable monopoly business. Taking a material-oriented and STS approach, this research focuses on the practical details of the production of opium pastes.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 8

The BCG Vaccination Program in Taiwan during the 1950s and 1960s

Author Info
張 淑 卿
長庚大學醫學系人文及社會醫學科助理教授

This paper examines the use of BCG vaccination in Taiwan during the 1950s and 1960s. It is taken as an example to explain how tuberculosis prevention in Taiwan was connected to the international standard. The vaccination project was based on the WHO standard and performed as a small scale trial in certain regions of Taiwan. An appropriate method for the Taiwan was decided upon before advocating the vaccination for the whole population. This paper attempts to discuss global vaccination through the following aspects: 1.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 8

The Discourse of Function and Temporality of Treatment in Modern Psychiatry: An Analysis of a Chronic Ward

Author Info
Chien-Chung Kung
國立成功大學人文社會科學研究中心博士後研究

Abstract

This study aims to explore the criterion of observation in modern psychiatric practice and its basis. The research methods include field observation and qualitative interviews. The data are analysed mainly through a phenomenological approach.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 8

Tensions Exposed: Myth and Social Imagination of Scientific Exhibitions in Science Museums

Author Info
Chung-hsi Lin
Department of Cultural Heritage Conservation, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology

Scientific exhibitions usually aim at presenting the achievements of great scientists, with an assumption of 「exposing the truths of the nature.」. Following the current scientific paradigm, they deliver the so-call standard and accurate knowledge to their audience.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 7

Visualizing Hygiene: Hygiene Exhibitions in Colonial Taiwan during the 1910s

Author Info
Yen-Chiou Fann
National Taiwan Normal University

This paper studies the early development of hygiene exhibitions in colonial Taiwan. It focuses on ho exhibitions promoted the production and circulation of knowledge about sanitation, and how the colonial hygiene policy was imposed on viewers through a specific visualizing technique. The author concludes that the hygiene exhibitions of the 1910s were influenced by both European and Japanese examples, particularly the First International Hygiene Exhibition, held in Dresden in 1911.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 7

The First Grand Exhibition of "Miniatures" in Taiwan

Author Info
Shao-li LU

This paper applies Bruno Latour's concept of translation to the grand exhibition held in colonial Taiwan in 1935.The author draws a series of analogies between the uses and arrangements of models in the exhibition and Latourian models of laboratory practices withinwhich objects are dissolved, modified, rescaled, and staged. Once in theexhibition, the views were as if surrounded by miniatures. The purpose oftranslation was to interest viewers in the message encoded in the exhibition bythe colonial government.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 7

Small and large wind turbine: The duality of wind power technology

Author Info
Hao-Jan Wu
Dahu Junior High School

Renewable energy has been promoted for its inexhaustibility and environmental friendliness. It can also deliver us from the bondage of high-tech equipments. Amongst different forms of renewable energy, wind power is one of the rising stars. As it has the potential to fulfill the three promises listed above, energy officials and environmentalists have been calling for its wide application.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 7

Where "Handicaped Facilities" Come From: A Network Analysis of the Construction Process of Barrier-Free Environment

Author Info
Tasing Chiu
Department of Medical Sociology and Social Work, Kaohsiung Medical University

Article 23 of the January 24, 1990 amendment to Taiwan's Disabled Person Welfare Law specifies that newly-constructed public facilities, structures, community centers and transportation tools shall install devices and facilities convenient for the movement and usage of the disabled, and that, in the case of non-compliance, construction permits shall not be issued. In the 10 years following this amendment, billions of NT dollars have been spent in installing these devices and facilities for the disabled. Unfortunately, this public investment appears largely to have been in vain.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 6 (April 2008), 43-70.
Syndicate content