Research Articles

醫學、商業與社會想像:日治臺灣的漢藥科學化與科學中藥

Author Info
Shiyung Michael Liu
Associate Research Fellow, Institute of Taiwan History & RCHSS, Academia Sinica

The study ofpharmacognosy started in the late 19th century Japan and boomed in the 1920s while the Renaissance Movement of Chinese medicine (Ko-kan Ido) was ignited. The complicated relationship between therapeutic theory and herbal drugs of Chinese medicine dated centuries while they co-existed in Japan but conflicted in colonial Taiwan. In Japan, traditional herb could be analyzed in laboratory coating with the color of “science” for marketing.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 11 (October 2010), 149-200

From Chinese Herbs to Functional Food: a Study of the Category Revolution of Food and Drug by a Biography of Four-agent Soup

Author Info
Chin-Chih An
Doctoral student, Department of Sociology, National Taiwan University

This article discusses the biography of four agent soup(Si Wu Tang) transferring into four agent functional foods from the perspectives of Marx and Appadurai. This paper emphasizes the importance of "the historicity of objects" in the transformation of four agent soup. The analysis assumes that objects are the synthesis of social relations in history and emphasizes the distinction between the representative form and the substance of an object.

Citation: 
《科技、醫療與社會》,第11期,2010年10月出版

The Enigma Concerning Dr. Tsungming Tu’s Research in Traditional East Asian Medicine: On the Creation of Value in Integrative Medicine

Author Info
Sean Hsiang-lin Lei
Associate Research Fellow, Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica TAIWAN and Institute of Science, Technology and Society, Yangming University

This article intends to solve a pair of salient enigmas in the history of medicine in modern Taiwan: Why did Dr. Tsungming Tu, a widely acclaimed representative of medical modernity in Taiwan, provide consistent support to research in traditional East Asian medicine?  Reversely, why has Dr. Tu’s research vision long been criticized as backward-looking and even anti-science?  This article argues that Dr.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 11 (October 2010 ), 201 -286

The Demarcation and Context of Illness Interpretation in Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine in the Early Period of Republic of China: Taking Typhoid Fever as an Example

Author Info
Pi Guo-Li
Ph. D. Candidate, Department of History, National Taiwan Normal University

The exchange of traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine in modern times has produced many interesting issues in the history of medicine. This study examined the demarcation and context of illness interpretation in Chinese Medicine and Western medicine by reviewing the translation process of the name and meaning of an illness before and after it was translated.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 11 (October 2010), 25-88

Reconsider Mendel’s Principle of Heredity Based on the Logic of Experiment Design

Author Info
Bei-Chang Yang
Department of Microbiology & Immunology; Research Center for Society, Technology and Medicine of College of Medicine of National Cheng Kung University

Gregor Mendel used garden pea as experiment model to study the development of plant hybrids. His findings lead to three major conclusions that are coined as the fundamental laws of heredity: the law of dominance, the law of segregation, and the law of independent assortment. However, the significance of his findings has been neglected for 35 years. To explain this puzzle in science history, many efforts have been made by epistemological approaches including the evidence-based historiography and the Kuhnian paradigm-based historiography.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 10 (April 2010)

Local Knowledge in the Context of Expert System of Knowledge: Chia-yi Charity Organization's Bridge-Building Practice

Author Info
Hung-Jen Yang
Institute of Science, Technology and Society, National Yang-Ming University

For the past forty years, Chia-yi Charity Organization has been constructing bridges in the mountainous area of Southern Taiwan. Except for the late director, Ming-te Ho, who received civil engineer training during the period of Japanese colonization, members of the charity are not formally trained in bridge building. During the building practices some of the members acquire more knowledge and techniques and become semi-craftsman volunteers and semi-volunteer craftsmen.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 10 (April 2010)

From Hands of Flesh to Laparoscopy: A History of Endometriosis in Taiwan, 1950s-2000s

Author Info
Ling-Ya Tsai; Hsiu-Yun Wang
Kao Yuan Senior High School of Technology and Commerce; Graduate Institute of Gender Studies, Kaohsiung Medical University

This paper traces the history of endometriosis in Taiwan from the 1950s to the present by analyzing oral history interviews with ob/gyns and women with endometriosis as well as written documents (newspapers, magazines, and books). Endometriosis first emerged in Taiwan in the 1950s, but few cases were reported. Diagnosis relied mainly on gynecological examination by hand or via exploratory surgery.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 10 (April 2010)

Why Tampons are not Welcome in Taiwan: A Social-worlds Analysis

Author Info
Pei-hsin Hsu; Ling-fang Cheng (corresponding Author)
Lecturer, Tung fang Institute of Technology; Associate Professor, Graduate Institute of Gender Studies, Kaohsiung Medical University

This study explores how the tampon as an imported menstrual technology interacted with the indigenous society and culture as well as the body experience of the women users since 1970 up till now. We adopted the analytical framework of ‘social worlds’ as in the context of symbolic interactionism to illuminate the contestation and negotiation of various kinds of forces and actors which are friendlier than that of the tampons.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 10 (April 2010)

Sustainable Development and Life Rights of Animals: The Transformation of Taiwan's Fishery from an Environmental-Ethical Perspec

Author Info
Tsuo-Ming Hsu
淡江大學通識與核心課程中心

The transformation of Taiwan’s fishery has been guided by the idea of “sustainable development”—a concept originated from Aldo Leopold’s theory of ecological equilibrium. In this paper, I discuss the concepts of sustainable development and ecological equilibrium and examine both the theoretical and practical problems of the two concepts and their application in Taiwan’s fishery industry. Furthermore, the study argues for the idea of life rights of animals developed in Peter Singer’s Animal Liberation.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 9

What did Gregor Mendel Discover?On a Typical Pattern of Experimental Discovery

Author Info
Chen, Ruey-Lin
National Chung Cheng University Philosophy Department

Gregor Mendel, the famous nineteenth-century Austrian botanist, has been considered the discoverer of laws of classical (Mendelian) genetics. Several historians of biology recently began to argue that Mendel had never discovered Mendel’s laws. If he did not discover Mendel’s laws at all, what is his discovery? What is his contribution to science? To answer the above questions, one has to re-examine the whole story of his experimentation and the origin of classical genetics. The philosophical problems involved in scientific discoveries have also to be reconsidered.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 9
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