醫學、商業與社會想像:日治臺灣的漢藥科學化與科學中藥

Author Info
Shiyung Michael Liu
Associate Research Fellow, Institute of Taiwan History & RCHSS, Academia Sinica

The study ofpharmacognosy started in the late 19th century Japan and boomed in the 1920s while the Renaissance Movement of Chinese medicine (Ko-kan Ido) was ignited. The complicated relationship between therapeutic theory and herbal drugs of Chinese medicine dated centuries while they co-existed in Japan but conflicted in colonial Taiwan. In Japan, traditional herb could be analyzed in laboratory coating with the color of “science” for marketing. However, the colonial government in Taiwan strongly promoted modern western medicine as a symbol of modernity and Chinese medicine was outdated and superstitious. Over time, Chinese herbal medicine became the core issue of Japanese pharmacognosy while “scientific Chinese medicine” was merely a commercial slogan. 

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 11 (October 2010), 149-200