The BCG Vaccination Program in Taiwan during the 1950s and 1960s

Author Info
張 淑 卿
長庚大學醫學系人文及社會醫學科助理教授

This paper examines the use of BCG vaccination in Taiwan during the 1950s and 1960s. It is taken as an example to explain how tuberculosis prevention in Taiwan was connected to the international standard. The vaccination project was based on the WHO standard and performed as a small scale trial in certain regions of Taiwan. An appropriate method for the Taiwan was decided upon before advocating the vaccination for the whole population. This paper attempts to discuss global vaccination through the following aspects: 1. When BCG arrived in Taiwan, the way in which moved from a laboratory study to small field trials and center to the overall compulsory vaccination of the population; 2. The technique of BCG vaccine production in Taiwan; 3. The technical training of the BCG vaccinators; 4. Concerns and reservations about the BCG vaccine. Of these aspects, special consideration is given to the process of how a western prevention technique was introduced, and implemented in Taiwan society.

Citation: 
Taiwanese Journal for Studies of Science, Technology and Medicine, Number 8