對稱人類學觀點的工農中介研究:臺灣鄉村工業區朝向永續發展的問題分析

作者資訊
李威宜
國立清華大學人類學研究所

       臺灣社會永續了嗎?我們該如何理解生產全球綠色產品的鄉村工業基地?如何超越工業社會與農業社會二元分立的研究範式,有效把握二者共存的處境?本文以鄉村工業區為追蹤起點,對稱觀察與工業區相處的人的處境,以及工農之間人與非人的混雜特性。然後根據這些經驗材料,討論工業綠化治理只看見工業飛地,看不見異質空間的侷限。為了超越以工業化為中心的正反論述的爭議,我們主張一種非工業化的歷史論點,來認識工農中介的新鄉村社會,以思考地方工業區永續發展的問題。

Mediation between Industry and Agriculture: An Exploration from a Symmetrical Anthropology Perspective on the Problems of Sustainable Development of Rural Industrial Park in Taiwan

Is Taiwan a sustainable society? How should we understand the places where  so-called greening objects are produced, particularly for the rural industrial bases? How could we break the dichotomy of industrial society vs. agricultural society to comprehend the situation of people living in-between? Taking a rural industrial park in central Taiwan as the starting point of our inquiry, this article proceeds to a symmetrical observation of the situation of the various people co-existing with the industrial park. We describe the hybridity of the human and the non-human between industry and agriculture. On the basis of our empirical evidence, we will discuss the limitations of industrial greening management, which is focused solely on the industrial enclave while ignoring spatial heterogeneity. To go beyond the polemical discourses concentrated on industrialization, we would like to advance a non-industrialization historical perspective; we understand the new rural society to be a mediation between industry and agriculture, a localized reflection on the question of sustainable development for the rural industrial park in Taiwan.

引用: 
《科技、醫療與社會》,第24期,頁145-202,2017年04月出版